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Cramped living conditions (C)


People with cramped living conditions as a percentage of people living in private homes. Cramped living conditions are defined as 1. The number of rooms in the residence is smaller than the number of persons, or one person is living in one room, and 2. The area is less than 25 square meters per person. In cases where there is no information about the number of rooms or area, households will be considered as living in cramped living conditions if one of the two conditions is met. Annual figures.
The statistics include people living in a municipality according to the population registry. Students registered at their parents' domicile while studying abroad are not included in the housing statistics. The same applies to persons who, according to the registers, may be considered to reside abroad.

To change the table, open "change selection of...".

Three measures are available. Use the Measure”button to select:
1. Number.
2. Proportion (per cent) = Percentage.
3. Relative to the country value (Norway = 100) = Ratio between the county's rate and the national rate for a given year. Examples; ratio = 130 means that the county's rate is 30% higher than the national level. A ratio of 87 means that the county's rate is 13% lower than the national level.

Use the Status button to select the proportion with given status for cramped living conditions. Persons living in residences where information about number of rooms and area are missing, are categorized under status unspecified in the table. This especially applies to older homes.

Rationale for indicator
Cramped living conditions or overcrowding is one of several indicators of a lowered level of living quality. Housing quality is important for health in several ways. A difficult housing situation may affect the living conditions and health of children and young people; affecting school performance and their social lives. Persistent bad housing quality and long term renting increases the likelihood that children will not bring friends home.

Persons with difficulties in the housing market are usually a marginalized group with characteristics such as low income, low or no education, and weak connection to the labour market - in a population perspective this coincides with worse health status. For vulnerable groups, a difficult living situation can contribute to strengthen and maintain existing health problems and social challenges.

Read more about housing and health in the Norwegian State Housing Bank's guide «Bolig for velferd»: https://www.veiviseren.no/forstaa-helheten/statlige-foringer-og-retningslinjer/strategier-statlige-prioriteringer/bolig-for-velferd (Norwegian only) or look at https://www.husbanken.no/english/ for other policy relevant information.

Read more at: http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Housing_statistics
Statistics Norway
All information is retrieved from administrative and statistical registries, mainly information from Statistics Norway's statistical version of the Cadastre (Matrikkelen
property and land ownership registry). The Norwegian Mapping Authority bears the responsibility for the Cadastre, while the municipalities supply the necessary information to the fixed property Cadastre based on assignments from the project owner/applicant.
Interpretation and sources of error
The proportion of people in the county living in homes without available information about the number of rooms and area, affects the statistics on cramped living conditions. When comparing counties, the proportion of unavailable information should be taken into account.

Local conditions, such as housing market and prices, should also be included in the assessment.
When numbers are missing
Statistics based on fewer than three cases are hidden for privacy reasons. The same is done where the population segment from which the data are collected is less than ten. In addition, statistics on a subgroup are hidden when data on this subgroup, along with the data on the whole group, could be used to derive data that are hidden for privacy reasons.

If more than 20 per cent of the numbers in a time series are hidden for privacy reasons, the entire time series is concealed so as not to create a false impression of the situation in the county. Time series are also hidden where more than 50 per cent of the numbers in the time series are based on 6 or fewer cases.
Time periods
Geographical level
Norway, health regions and counties.
Age groups
All ages, 0-17 years, 18-44 years and over 45 years.
Frequency of updates
Last updated

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